Yuan Datou was one of the main circulating currencies in the Republic of China. Yuan Datou is a colloquial term for Yuan Shikai's series of coins, which is strictly called "Yuan Shikai carries Jiahe silver coins on his back". In order to rectify the currency system, the Beiyang government unified silver coins. In February of the third year of the Republic of China (1914), it promulgated 13 articles of the national currency regulations and decided to implement the silver standard system. According to the regulations of the state on currency, the unit with the price of six yuan, four quarters and eight percent of the pure silver in the Treasury is named yuan, one yuan of silver coin with the total weight of seven yuan, eight nines of silver and one of copper, and the number of silver coins in one yuan is unlimited, that is to say, one yuan of silver coin is used as the base currency for unlimited repayment. According to this regulation, in December 1914 and February 1915, the general mint and Jiangnan Mint successively issued a silver coin with the head of Yuan Shikai engraved on it, commonly known as "Yuan tou coin" or "Yuan Da tou".
"Yuan Datou" is known as the treasure of silver dollar in the field of currency collection. It is the most popular and influential silver dollar variety among nearly one thousand modern silver coins in China, and it is also an important role in the currency system reform of modern China.
After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Yuan Shikai became president in April 1912. In view of the complexity of coinage and paper money, the circulation of more than 100 kinds of Chinese and foreign currencies, different specifications, chaotic circulation, complicated conversion, and people's resentment, the Beiyang government also wanted to solve the problem of military expenditure by means of currency restructuring, so it decided to cast and issue national currency. In order to improve his ruling position, Yuan Shikai cast his head on the coin, and "yuan Dazou" came from this.
This "one yuan silver coin of the three years of the Republic of China", with "three years of the Republic of China" on the top, two crisscross spikes on the back, and "one yuan" in the center, was used by warlords during the period of the Republic of China. Warlords around the country have privately cast yuan Datou, which leads to the uneven quality of yuan Datou. Although it has experienced the baptism of endless years, it is still well preserved. Its color is bright and natural, and the depth of the decoration is moderate. No matter the text or the pattern, it is natural and delicate, and the depth is appropriate. The edge lines are uniform in thickness and spacing. The details of portrait, hair, beard and awn are clear, vivid and natural. It is a fine silver coin with high collection value.
Because it is a real currency, between people's recognition of precious metals and a strong sense of identity with history and culture, there are not a few collectors. "Yuan Dadou" has a relatively strong liquidity, which is also one of the factors favoured by collectors, "money" is a good prospect.